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The small and big deceptions in psychology and evolutionary sciences perspective 19,95zł

redakcja naukowa: Anna Kwiatkowska, Andrzej Łukasik

ISBN: 978-83-7996-161-0
Rok wydania: 2015
Liczba stron: 236
Format: B5
Oprawa: miękka
Cena: 19,95 zł (z VAT)

 

 

Contents

Introduction. The Universality of Deception in Human and Animal World Andrzej Łukasik and Anna Kwiatkowska

 

PART 1. BIOLOGY – CULTURE – DECEPTION

Altruism and Deceit in Social Reciprocity. Evolutionary Perspective Andrzej Łukasik and Magdalena Marzec

Introduction

The role of food distribution in the evolution of altruism and deceit Theories of altruism and deceit

Inclusive fitness theory

Group selection

Altruism towards strangers

Indirect reciprocity

Conclusion: egalitarian mind and elitist mind

 

How Do Others Deceive? Cultural Aspects of Lying and Cheating Anna Kwiatkowska

Introduction

Who lies and cheats the most?

Alleged lying and cheating

Not knowing the right cultural script

One truth or many truths?

Western truthfulness, Eastern hypocrisy?

Linguistic intricacies

Cultural legitimization of lying and cheating

The Chinese truth and lie

The Confucian concept of face

The Confucian system of morality

China as a collectivist country

Lie detection

Conclusions

 

Uncle Jankiel, or, of Self-degradation Self-hatred: History and Meaning of the Term Bożena Keff

Pfefferkorn, or conditionality of Jewish baptism

“Jew” as an indivisible category

“Jew communist” as the difference scarified at the community altar

Pseudonyms and confessions

Anti-Semitic Jew disguised as a patriot

Yankel apologizes for Berman

An authority’s voice about “our courageous Jews”

 

PART 2. PRAGMATICS OF DECEPTION

Cheating in Video Games – Causes and Some Consequences – Grzegorz Pochwatko and Jean-Christophe Giger

Introduction

The beginnings – the very first Easter egg in the world of pixels

An avalanche initiated by Easter eggs

Hardware, or “heavy” equipment to cheat

Rules of the game

Cheating according to gamers

What does it mean “to cheat”?

Everything but one’s own effort

Code is sanctity

Creative resistance

Some of the (alleged) consequences of cheating in games

Cheating in games and life – a study of Polish players

Games are the mirror of life in “meat reality”

Dictionary of (some) used terms

 

Cheating in the Weight-control Process Anna Kwiecień

Introduction

Potential cheating situations

The reasons for the discrepancies between the declarations and facts. Do the people who

control their weight really cheat?

Revealing the truth

Can questions about weight and behaviours connected with weight control be regarded as awkward?

Motivations for cheating

Self-presentation motivations. Making a good impression

Self-defence motivations. Maintaining self-esteem

Why do women hide data about the body mass and the amount of food consumed while men do not?

Little lies – serious consequences

 

PART 3. CLINICAL DIMENSION OF DECEPTION

The Reality Falsified in Depression Elżbieta Greszta and Dorota Rakowiecka

Introduction

View of reality falsified in depression

False distortion of reality view in healthy individuals

“Sadder but wiser” - phenomenon of depressive realism

Is self-deception adaptable?

Conclusion

 

Self-deception, Cognitive and Social Factors Modifying Stress Reactions Renata Sikora

Introduction

The advantages and disadvantages of fraud in the perception of psychological stress

Beneficial and adverse deception in coping with stress

Conclusions and implications

 

PART 4. EMPIRICAL STUDIES

A Half-Truth or a Full-Blown Lie? Piotr Gasparski

Introduction

The Framing phenomenon

Study 1. What advice would you give to JAN KOWALSKI?

Participants

Procedure and materials

Results

Study 2. Are training sessions worthwhile?

Participants

Procedure and materials

Results

Analysis of Results

 

Acceptance of Lying from a Cross-cultural Perspective. Beyond Collectivism and Individualism Katarzyna Cantarero and Piotr Szarota

Lying and moral judgments

Culture and its dimensions

Going beyond collectivism and individualism in cultural determinants of lying acceptability

Broadening the cultural aspect of lying acceptability

Study

Participants

Procedure and materials

Results

Discussion

 

List of Contributors (in alphabetical order)

Name Index

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